cpucycles - count CPU cycles


#include <cpucycles.h>

long long count = cpucycles();
long long persecond = cpucycles_persecond();
const char *implementation = cpucycles_implementation();
const char *version = cpucycles_version();

Link with -lcpucycles. Old systems may also need -lrt.


cpucycles() returns an estimate for the number of CPU cycles that have occurred since an unspecified time in the past (perhaps system boot, perhaps program startup).

Accessing true cycle counters can be difficult on some CPUs and operating systems. cpucycles() does its best to produce accurate results, but selects a low-precision counter if the only other option is failure.

cpucycles_persecond() returns an estimate for the number of CPU cycles per second. This estimate comes from /etc/cpucyclespersecond if that file exists, otherwise from various OS mechanisms, otherwise from the cpucyclespersecond environment variable if that is set, otherwise 2399987654.

cpucycles_implementation() returns the name of the counter in use: e.g., "amd64-pmc".

cpucycles_version() returns the libcpucycles version number as a string: e.g., "20240318". Results of cpucycles_implementation() should be interpreted relative to cpucycles_version().

cpucycles is actually a function pointer. The first call to cpucycles() or cpucycles_persecond() or cpucycles_implementation() selects one of the available counters and updates the cpucycles pointer accordingly. Subsequent calls to cpucycles() are thread-safe.


gettimeofday(2), clock_gettime(2)

Version: This is version 2024.03.17 of the "API" web page.